General Irvin McDowell led 30,000 Union troops (with little to no experience), and General Pierre G. T. Beauregard led 22,000 Confederate (equally inexperienced) troops. This battle is known in American history as one of the most poignant and significant encounters which occurred during the Civil War. While the battle itself lasted just one day, it was a noteworthy one to examine when reflecting back on the brutal fighting that took place between the North and the South during the 4-year war.
During the First Battle of Bull Run, the clash between the Union and Confederate armies occurred on July 21, 1861, with much of the action taking place at Henry Hill and Matthews Hill. The battle resulted in a bloody day with a large number of casualties and injuries from both armies. There were just under 2,000 casualties from the Confederate army and 2,900 from the Union. This battle would also take its first civilian casualty. Judith Henry, who was in her 80s and bedridden, was hit by a bullet while lying in her room.
|Grave of Judith Henry which is located next to where her house once stood.|
|Taken at Manassas National Battlefield Park. Union cannons set up as they would have been during 1st Battle of Bull Run.|
Too Close for Comfort
The Confederate army won the fight of the First Manassas Battle, leaving this army feeling confident and a bit complacent over its victory. This would later be attributed as a part of the Confederates' eventual downfall because they lost the opportunity to invade Washington when they had the chance.
Several tours at and visits to Manassas National Battlefield Park